1995 OPEN FORUM Abstracts
Smoking Habits Of Respiratory Care Practitioners In Ohio, Indiana, And Kentucky
Debra K. Kasel. M.Ed., RRT, Bradley R. A. Wilson, Ph.D., Donald I. Wagner, Ph.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the smoking rate among respiratory care practitioners (RCP's) who attended the annual Region Two conference, and to determine the effect RCP educational preparation had on smoking behavior among these RCP's, and to assess how psychological and social factors affected RCP's smoking behavior.
Methods: The study was conducted at the annual Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky Region Two conference held May 11-13, 1994, at Cincinnati, Ohio. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire at registration and return the questionnaire to boxes located at the doors to the conference hall.
Results: One hundred fifty-two usable questionnaires were obtained from 1000 participants. The smoking rate among RCP's was 26.0%. A 95% confidence interval among the general population was 25.0%-26.1%, therefore the smoking rate among RCP's at this regional conference falls within this confidence interval for the general population. The majority of respondents had completed an associate's degree 56.3%, 21.2% had completed a baccalaureate degree, 12.6% had a high school diploma, and 9.9% had completed a master's degree. The chi-square (3, N = 151) =2.403,p > .05, showed no difference among education preparation and smoking rate. The analysis of variance on psychological and social factors and smoking habits showed no difference F (1, 61) = .570, p > .05. CONCLUSION: RCP's who attended the annual Region Two conference had the same smoking rate as the general population, educational preparation had no affect on the smoking rate among these RCP's, and psychological and social factors did not influence smoking behavior of RCP's.