1995 OPEN FORUM Abstracts
Asthma Care Education In Sports (ACES)
Dunlevy CL, EdD, RRT. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH
Introduction: Given that students with exerciseinduced asthma (EIA) comprise approximately 5% of the school-age population, it would seem logical that coaches and physical education (PE) teachers be informed of the special circumstances brought to their classes/teams by teens with asthma. The medical literature reveals that almost all asthmatics are prone to asthma triggered by even moderate levels of exercise. PE teachers and coaching staff are the adult supervisors for school-related physical activity -- they need to know how to respond appropriately, should one of their students experience EIA during or following physical exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of ACES.
Methods: 468 high school coaches and PE instructors in central Ohio participated in the ACES program. Prior to attending the program, subjects completed a 15-item questionnaire designed to assess their knowledge about asthma, as well as a 17-item survey designed to elicit information about their attitudes regarding asthma & asthmatic students. ACES consisted of lectures and demonstrations. Subjects also received a 30-minute audiotape and instructional packet highlighting important information about asthma. Subjects repeated identical testing 6 weeks after completion of the ACES program. Means & SD were calculated, and paired, 2-tailed t-tests were performed in order to detect differences between pre- and post test scores; pɘ.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: 387 subjects completed posttesting (83%). T-tests revealed a statistically significant improvement in both knowledge scores (pɘ.01) and attitudes about asthma (pɘ.01). Discussion: By educating the physical education instructors and coaching personnel about asthma, we benefit both student and teacher, which ultimately translates to optimal care for asthma.