The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

1998 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

COMPUTER-BASED TRAINING FOR COMPETENCY TRAINING

Randy De Kler, M.S., RRT College of Health & Human Sciences Georgia State University Atlanta, GA rdekler@gsu.edu

Introduction: Competency training is an issue of concern to educators and managers alike. Practitioners must be able to synthesize skills from cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains in order to be effective. Competency training is intended to achieve this goal. Selecting a Training Delivery Method: Selecting the most effective training delivery method (TDM) for a given training module requires the examination of a number of factors including experience, cost, safety, flexibility, efficiency, and effectiveness. The experience factor relates to learners' positive or negative attitudes towards a TDM. Generally, the more experienced a learner is with a TDM, the more positive their attitudes will tend to be towards it. Cost concerns, an eternal companion to trainers, must take into account, not only initial costs, but also follow up, hardware, software, and maintenance costs. Most importantly, training cost must be examined through the perspective of return on investment. Safety to learners and others involved in any training must be considered when selecting a TDM. Generally, the more closely a TDM mimics the real life experience, the more dangerous it tends to be. Flexibility refers to the ease with which a TDM can be scheduled and the physical logistics that must be considered if it is used. Efficiency is related to the time a TDM takes to deliver the training effectively. Finally, effectiveness refers to the degree to which a TDM has facilitated its stated instructional goals or outcomes. Computer-Based Training as a Training Delivery Method: Computer-based training (CBT) has been successfully employed for competency training for many years. It is, however, not always the training method of choice. The best method for a given training module is selected by matching the training goals with a consideration of how those goals fit in with the previously mentioned including experience, cost, safety, flexibility, efficiency, and effectiveness factors. For many training needs, CBT does fit in well with training goals. Characteristics that are unique to CBT give it further advantages over other TDMs and make it an attractive choice for a wide variety of training needs.

The 44th International Respiratory Congress Abstracts-On-DiskĀ®, November 7 - 10, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia.

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