The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

1998 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

TEACHING ASTHMA GUIDELINES TO RESPIRATORY CARE STUDENTS

Lisa Davis BS RRT, J S Hata MD, Frederick R Bode MD, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri

BACKGROUND: In 1997, The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEP) published their revised guidelines identifying asthma as an inflammatory and bronchospastic disease. Patient education, pulmonary function testing, and proper administration of inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators are important respiratory care practices. We decided to look at our success in teaching the guidelines to respiratory care students in their second year of formal training. Methods: We used a 10-question pretest, distribution of guideline summary, 30 minute lecture, and 10-question post test format with 16 second year students. The entire project was designed for only one hour of classroom time. Total study costs were under $50.00. Results: The average pretest score was 63.6 ± 15.5%. The average post test score was 98.6 ± 3.6%. (P-value < 0.001 by Wilcoxon signed rank test.) One hundred percent of the students judged the exercise worthwhile. CONCLUSION: Our results provided objective data of improved scores after a short exposure (one hour) to the material. This format: pretest/lecture with handout/post test, has modest time and material expense and should be readily applicable to most teaching environments. Teaching the new asthma guidelines to students and respiratory care practitioners would appear to be beneficial with the expanding number of asthma patients in this country. With our knowledge explosion and with the challenges of what to teach, time available, and expenses, methods like these are easily within the reach of most educators and curriculum designers.

The 44th International Respiratory Congress Abstracts-On-Disk®, November 7 - 10, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia.

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