The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

1998 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

NPPV IN ACUTE AND LONG TERM CARE

DONNA WEMHOFF

Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation has received increased interest as an alternative to invasive ventilation. This is due to published successes, availability of better interfaces, an increased appreciation of the ventilatory muscles in acute and chronic failure, and patients' increasing desire to avoid intubation. NPPV has been successful in acute respiratory failure as well as chronic, long term use. This presentation will address many considerations for use of NPPV.

Clinical application of NPPV can be a very successful experience with proper approach and method. Selection of appropriate ventilators, interfaces, mode, and settings are essential to success with NPPV.

NPPV has its complications and limitations; however, experience and awareness of those concerns help the clinician avoid potential problems. Strategies for weaning from NPPV and case studies of asthma, COPD, obstructive sleep apnea, and pulmonary edema will be presented.

The 44th International Respiratory Congress Abstracts-On-DiskĀ®, November 7 - 10, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia.

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