2001 OPEN FORUM Abstracts
EVALUATIONOF NURSES? AND STUDENT NURSES? KNOWLEDGE OF INCENTIVE SPIROMETRY
Amber Mattsey,Alena Graddy, Respiratory Therapy Program, Indiana University, Jo Ann Brooks-BrunnDNS, RN, FAAN, FCCP, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care & OccupationalMedicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Linda Van Scoder, EdD, RRT,Respiratory Therapy Program, Schools of Allied Health Sciences and Medicine,Indiana University. Indianapolis, Indiana.
BACKGROUND The purpose ofthis study was to evaluate nurses? and student nurses? knowledge of incentivespirometry. This is important because nurses are taking more responsibilityin the education and teaching of incentive spirometry to patients. Thus, theevaluation of nurses? knowledge of incentive spirometry was an important areaof study.
METHODS In this descriptivestudy a self-report survey technique was used for data collection. Conveniencesampling was used. Data analysis included descriptive statistics by measuresof central tendency and percentages from the scores on the questionnaire.
RESULTS There were 137 respondents.Scores on the 12-point questionnaire ranged from 4 to 12, with a mean scoreof 8.52. The questions most often answered correctly concerned patient positioningand the indications for incentive spirometry. The most frequently missed questionsconcerned the goal and effectiveness of incentive spirometry. The 31 respondentswith associate degrees had a mean score of 8.29 on the test. The 10 personswith a Diploma had a mean score of 8.30, and the 36 with bachelor degrees hada mean score of 8.89. The 57 students had a mean score of 8.47, and 3 personswith other degrees had a mean of 8.00. By credential, RN?s had the highest meanscore, 8.58, while LPN?s scored the lowest, 7.80.
CONCLUSION Comparison ofscores based on credential showed that RN?s, as a group, scored higher thanLPN?s. Based on degree, BS nurses scored higher than AS nurses. The study demonstratedthat the nurses and student nurses have adequate knowledge of the indicationsfor using incentive spirometry and on proper technique. However, they lack knowledgeconcerning the goals and effectiveness of incentive spirometry.