The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2001 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

THERELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENT PERFORMANCE ON THE CLINICAL SIMULATION SELF-ASSESSMENTEXAMINATION AND TESTS OF CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS OR CRITICAL THINKING DISPOSITIONS

Janice C. Johnson,MS, RRT, Linda I.Van Scoder, EdD, RRT and Deborah L. Cullen, EdD, RRT. IndianaUniversity School of Medicine, Respiratory Therapy Program, Indianapolis, IN.

Background: RespiratoryTherapy programs, and undergraduate degree programs in general, are expectedto produce graduates with well-developed skills in critical thinking. We soughtto determine whether or not students with better skills in critical thinking,or a positive disposition toward critical thinking, performed better on theClinical Simulation self-assessment examination (CSE).

Method: Seventeensenior students in a baccalaureate respiratory therapy program took the CaliforniaCritical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST) and the California Critical Thinking DispositionInventory (CCTDI). The CCTST is designed to measure the skills component ofcritical thinking. The CCTDI is designed to test one?s propensity toward thinkingcritically. The content validity of each is derived from the definition of criticalthinking developed by the American Philosophical Association. Approximatelyfive months after completing the critical thinking instruments, the studentstook the on-line version of the CSE. The extent of the relationship betweenthe CCTST and CCTDI scores, and the CSE scores was determined by the Pearson?sproduct-moment correlation coefficient (r), with level of significanceset at 0.05. The correlations between the CSE subscales (Information Gatheringand Decision Making) and each of the CCTST and CCTDI subscales were also determined.

Results: TheInformation Gathering portion of the CSE showed a significant correlation withthe CCTST total score (r = 0.555), the CCTST analysis subscore (r= 0.501) and the CCTST evaluation subscore (r =0.545). There was no significantcorrelation between the Decision Making portion of the CSE and any of the criticalthinking tests or their subscales.

Conclusions:The CCTDI and CCTST are not valid predictors of student performance on the ClinicalSimulation Self-Assessment Examination.

OF-01-151

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