The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2001 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

ASTHMA EDUCATION SESSIONS PRESENTED DURING A SUMMER CAMP EXPERIENCE

Cathy Walston,BS, RRT, RPFT, Children?s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio

The number one reason for hospitaladmissions and absenteeism in schools in the pediatric population is due torespiratory diseases. A significant number of these respiratory illnesses aredue to asthma. Each year, Children?s Hospital Medical Center (CHMC) and theAmerican Lung Association-Southwest Ohio Branch (ALA-SWOB) cosponsor a campfor children with asthma. While at camp, the children participate in traditionalcamp activities as well as asthma education sessions. These education sessionsare based on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Guidelines for Asthma Education.We wanted to know if participants increased their knowledge about asthma duringthe camp education sessions. A five-part program was presented Sunday throughThursday mornings. These sessions included information about basic anatomy andphysiology, asthma triggers early warning signals of an asthma attack, medications,and self-management and relaxation techniques. Campers were divided into threegroups based on age. For the purposes of this project, only the campers of theage seven and eight year old grouping were evaluated. There were eighteen participantsin this group. Fourteen children of this group were boys. Twelve or 75% of thisgroup were first time campers. Parental permission was obtained for the campersto participate in the program. Participants were given a twenty question multiple-choicetest before the first educational session and after the last session. The resultsof the pre and posttest were compared using a two-tailed critical t valuestatistical analysis. When comparing the results of the pre education sessionsto the post education sessions, there was not a statistically significant improvementin the knowledge gained by the campers. However, there was a trend for the campersto have an increase in knowledge about their asthma.

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