The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2006 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

DOES BREAST FEEDING PROTECT AGAINST ASTHMA & OTHER ATOPIC DISEASES

Dr Mohammed Herrag, Dr Fouad Nia, Dr Hassan Essbai. Pulmonology- allergology service, Ibn -Sina university hospital, Rabat, Morocco.

RATIONALE: Breast feeding is associated with the lowest asthma and allergic disorders rates and it significantly reduces the severity of respiratory illnesses during the first year of life.

Methods: we had included questions related to breast feeding in the ISAAC questionnaires (the international study of asthma and allergies in childhood) to see the outcome of allergic diseases in both groups: breast feeding and non breast feeding

Results: Mean (S.D) age: 9 years, weight: 30 kg and height: 135.6 cm. Children breastfed more than 8 months had significantly lower prevalence rates of persistent cough in the past year, ever rhinitis, rhinitis in the past year, and itchy-watery eyes in the past year than those who were not breastfed (18% vs 25%; 22% vs 32%; 15% vs 23%; and 6.5% vs 14.2%, respectively). Incidency was lower of asthma and wheeze in breastfed children than those who were not breastfed (asthma: 2.5y vs 4.5 y; 2.2y vs 3.9y, respectively). Significantly higher proportion of children who breastfed more than 8 months were resolved from asthma, wheeze and eczema than those who breastfed less than 8 months (89% vs 76%; 90.7% vs 77.2%, and 97.4% vs 82.2%, respectively).

Conclusions:
Our Study shows the impact of breast feeding for at least 8 months in protecting and reducing the prevalence of allergic disorders.

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