The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2006 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

Personality Types and the Orientation Experience  

Julie Jordan, RRT. Thomas Malinowski, RRT, FAARC. Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, VA. 

Background The orientation experience for new employees can have a powerful effect on their perception of the general dynamics of a department.  Additionally, the Preceptors who are assigned new employees may themselves have positive or negative impressions of their precepting time.  We hypothesized that different personality types may influence the teaching and learning experience for both the Preceptor and Orientee during the orientation period. Methods 32 subjects (22 Preceptors, 10 Orientees) participated in the study.  Orientees were defined as newly hired within the past year.  Preceptors were identified as individuals > 3 years experience and traditionally responsible for orientation or training of new employees or student clinicians.  Subjects' voluntarily completed three tools: A Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality profile, a demographics survey, and a 10 question, 5 point Likert survey questionnaire designed to gather information on perceptions of the orientation experience (respect, knowledge and experience, educational opportunities, protocol direction/application, positive feedback, corrective feedback, duration-of-orientation, teamwork, shared goals, overall impression).  Orientees were asked to complete a survey on at least two of their Preceptors, Preceptors asked to complete a survey on at least two of the Orientees.  Subjects were blinded to their evaluators.  A "highly positive" experience was classified as an overall score of ≥45/50.  Results  14 of the 16-MB personality types were identified within our subject population.  An equal number of Preceptors were typed as introvert vs. extrovert (10/11), with tendencies towards intuitive vs. sensing (13/9). Orientees tended towards extrovert vs. introvert (7/3) with strong tendencies towards sensing vs. intuitive (9/1).   The differences in mean survey score was statistically significant (<0.05) between Orientees (45.8±5.4 SD) and Preceptors (41.9±8.6 SD) implying a higher satisfaction level within Orientees than Preceptors. A "highly positive" experience was described by 19 of 22 Orientees (87%).  A "highly positive" experience was described by 20 of 43 Preceptors (47%). Preceptors ranked ".right amount of time required for orientation" (3.7 ± 1.15 SD) and ".provided feedback" (3.95 ± 0.97 SD) as the lowest responses. Orientees ranked ".part of the team" (4.0 ± 1.0SD) and ".received feedback" (4.1 ± 1.2 SD) as lowest responses.   No discernible trends were noted in MB personality pairings for highly satisfied or dissatisfied preceptors and orientees. Conclusions Orientees were generally more satisfied with the orientation experience than Preceptors, regardless of MB personality type.

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