The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2007 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

INSTRUCTIONAL EFFECTIVENESS OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE TRAINING FOCUSED ON RESPIRATORY THERAPY PROGRAMS IN FLORIDA: A PILOT PROGRAM

M. McDonough1, J. Wilgis2, M. Martinasek4, J. Salazar5, R. De Kler3, P. Stephan6, S. Kirley7

Background
The State of Florida’s Board of Respiratory Care recently implemented a change in the continuing education requirements for Respiratory Care licensure in the area of disaster preparedness. This new requirement called for the development of a supporting curriculum framework. A working group with the Florida Society for Respiratory Care agreed to undertake the task of creating and verifying the efficacy of the training program.

Methods
The working group developed the curriculum based on current evidence and practice. A lecture-model was used for the delivery of the instruction accompanied by a coordinated slide set. The training program was pilot tested on a group of Respiratory Care students attending four different community colleges in Florida. Pre- and post-tests were administered as part of the training program. The tests consisted of 20, multiple-choice items.

Results
Eighty-eight of ninety-one students completed the study. The mean pre-test score was 55% (11.3 questions correct out of 20, SD=2.3) while the mean post-test score was 75% (15.2 questions correct out of 20, SD=3.9). A paired t-test was applied to the data revealing a significant improvement in post-test scores following the training session (p<.0001).

Conclusion
The data indicate that the training program’s efficacy was sufficient to produce a statistically significant improvement in test scores. The end-point did meet the objectives of the program, validating the suitability of the presentation’s educational content to be incorporated within the curriculum of all Respiratory Care Programs in the State of Florida. However, a mean post-test score of 75% does not demonstrate mastery of the subject matter. A revision of the training program is required to improve student learning prior to releasing the training program for general use.

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