The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2008 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

THE EFFECTS OF SWIMMING INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH ASTHMA

Jeng-Shing Wang1



Background: Asthma is a common pediatric airway disease and the prevalence rate has increased in many countries, including Taiwan. When swimming is compared to other sports in the scientific literature, it has been found to have a lower asthmogenicity.

Methods:
Twenty boys and 10 girls were randomly assigned into the experimental or the control group, with 15 subjects in each group. In addition to regular treatment for their asthma, the experimental group received a 6-week swimming training, and we evaluate PFT, PEFM, and SOA.

Results:
There was a significant improvement (p less than 0.01) in PEFM in the experimental group comparing with the control group (330 L/min, 95% CI 309 to 351 vs 252 L/min, 95% CI 235 to 269) after swimming intervention. There was also a significant improvement (p less than 0.05) in SOA for the experimental group comparing with the control group after swimming intervention.

Conclusions:
These data suggest that a swimming program for asthmatic children can improve subjective parameters (PEFM and SOA), but not objective PFT parameters. Swimming may be an effective non-pharmacological intervention for the child or adolescent with asthma.