The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2008 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

IMPACT OF AN INTRANET-BASED DECISION SUPPORT TOOL ON THERAPIST ADHERENCE TO A THERAPIST DRIVEN PROTOCOL.

Christopher B. Teegardin1



Background: Aggregated data collected on Bronchial Hygiene Protocol (BHP) patients from an Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and a sample of chart reviews was inadequate to quantify protocol adherence and its effect on patient outcome. By converting the BHP decision tree flowchart into an Intranet-based Decision Support Tool (IDST), it was hypothesized the additional data collected would improve discovery and interpretation of protocol adherence issues, ultimately improving protocol adherence by staff.

Methods: The IDST is designed as an online questionnaire. Like questions based on patient presentation are grouped together with a yes or no response provided. Each response leads down a different path of questions until an endpoint with a recommended intervention is reached. The IDST is completed at initiation of the BHP and every BHP reevaluation prior to editing the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) of the patient. The IDST requires completion if 48 hours has elapsed after the last BHP reevaluation. The study was carried out in 2 phases. In Phase 1, a retrospective chart review of 58 BHP patients and a database review of 71 BHP patients prior to implementation of the IDST (pre-IDST) were compared to a retrospective chart review of 20 BHP patients and a database review of 88 BHP patients compiled over the two months after implementation of the IDST (post-IDST). In Phase 2, a database review of 249 BHP patients between months 3 and 8 following implementation of the IDST (end-IDST) was carried out to examine the effect of changes to the IDST performed due to the findings in Phase 1.

Results: In Phase 1, Practitioner adherence to the IDST recommendations in the pre-IDST group could not be determined due to inadequate data. Practitioner adherence to the IDST recommendation was 67% (154/229 BHP evaluations) in the post-IDST group with the practitioner providing the recommended intervention or more than the recommended intervention 90% (206/229 BHP evaluations) of the time. Following implementation of changes in response to the post-IDST data, Phase 2 indicated practitioner adherence to the IDST recommendation was 81% (574/701BHP evaluations) with the practitioner providing the recommended intervention or more than the recommended intervention 93% (655/701 BHP evaluations) of the time.

Conclusion: An IDST provides an effective quality assurance mechanism to discover, interpret, and address issues that impact adherence to therapist driven protocols.