The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2011 OPEN FORUM Abstracts

FACTORS INFLUENCING JOB SATISFACTION FOR RESPIRATORY CARE PRACTITIONERS.

Teri Fleming, Bill Pruitt; Univ of South Alabama, Mobile, AL

INTRODUCTION: Job satisfaction is important for keeping good employees, reducing turnover, and building a strong, professional department. The purpose of this project was to identify factors influencing job satisfaction of the respiratory care practitioner. METHODS: A multifactor survey was given to licensed respiratory therapists in the Gulf Coast region. Variables were compared with the t-test for significant differences. RESULTS: 5 hospitals participated in the survey. 54 surveys were completed by staff therapists, supervisors, and department managers (46% response rate). There were no significant differences in job satisfaction based on the level of education (associate's degree vs. bachelor's degree), length of time as a therapist (< 15 years vs. 15 years or more), gender, credentials (CRT v RRT), or job classification in the department (staff therapist vs. supervisor or manager). There were significant differences in satisfaction based on age (those 40 years old or older were more satisfied) and primary duties (those working in critical care were more satsified). Surveys that selected multiple primary duties, such as critical care and floor therapy, were not used for this analysis. When analyzing age as a subgroup, the older therapists were significantly more satisfied with their workload and with their participation in decision-making. In this subgroup, a strong but not statistically significant difference was found in the promotion/ career advancement opportunities and in hourly pay. Therapists in the critical care setting were significantly more satisfied with their benefits (i.e. health insurance, sick and vacation time, retirement plan, etc.) and with their job security. When asked to give a single ranking to their overall job satisfaction, the floor therapy therapists showed a significantly lower score when compared to critical care therapists. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of career satisfaction among RCPs were shown to be associated with being 40 years of age or older and working in the critical care setting rather than with floor therapy. Pay, benefits, workload, decision-making, promotion/career advancement and job security are important in providing job satisfaction.
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