The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2012 OPEN FORUM Abstracts


Crystal L. Dunlevy, Grace Leisenheimer, Amanda Smith, Brianne Van Der Griend; School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Background: While most respiratory therapy (RT) programs rely heavily on the preceptor model to provide clinical education, there is currently no standardized training program for clinical preceptors. New accreditation standards issued by the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC) in June 2010 mandated that respiratory therapy programs provide evidence of inter-rater reliability among preceptors who perform student evaluations. The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized clinical preceptor training program that can be used by RT programs in preparing instructors to deliver effective clinical education and meet CoARC requirements. METHODS: The authors developed a training program entitled, Clinical PEP (Practices of Effective Preceptors), which included brief PowerPoint presentations and videos illustrating both effective and ineffective implementation of clinical teaching. Modules were evaluated by 33 respiratory therapists and preceptors at Wexner Medical Center at The Ohio State University Medical (OSUWMC) in order to determine inter-rater reliability based on percentage agreement. Four RT researchers individually evaluated eight videos and identified 21 ineffective behaviors. RESULTS: Thirty-three participants evaluated eight videos and identified 21 ineffective behaviors. Four RT researchers then categorized preceptor responses. Inter-rater reliability was as follows: excellent for four behaviors, good for six behaviors, moderate for 10 behaviors, and slight for one behavior. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed that the Clinical PEP Preceptor Training Program has a moderate to substantial degree of inter-rater reliability when used by therapists who may or may not be preceptors. Further, this program could be used nationally to fulfill an important RT education program accreditation requirement. Sponsored Research - None