The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care

2012 OPEN FORUM Abstracts


Kimber A. Haug, Mary L. Yacovone, Salvatore A. Sanders; Health Professions, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH

Background: Research suggests that non-respiratory care health care professionals’ knowledge about oxygen administration is insufficient. Computer-based self-learning modules and simulations have been effective tools in the education of health care professionals. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that participants who completed a computer-based learning module about oxygen therapy, developed by one of the authors, would show a significant improvement in their knowledge about oxygen therapy and oxygen delivery devices. Methods: We recruited adult volunteers from an undergraduate nursing orientation class that included oxygen therapy in the course syllabus. Participants’ knowledge was assessed before and after completion of an oxygen therapy learning module created with Adobe Captivate® using an instrument designed to assess knowledge about oxygen therapy and oxygen administration devices. The test instrument consisting of eleven items was assessed for content validity by respiratory therapists prior to administration. The test items remained the same, but the order of the items was changed in the post-test version of this instrument. A paired-samples t test was used to determine if changes in the pre- and post-test scores were statistically significant. Results: A total of 45 participants completed the pre-test, but only 23 of these completed the learning module and the post-test (N=23). Pre-test scores ranged from 0 to 6 (54.55%), while post-test scores were higher, ranging from 3 (27.27%) to 9 (81.82%). The average score on the pre-test was 3.74 (34%) (SD=1.39), and the mean post-test score was 6.77 (61.55%) (SD=1.54). The increase in participants’ scores was statistically significant (t (22)= -8.18, p < 0.05). Conclusions: This study suggests that knowledge about oxygen therapy and administration devices was not sufficient in this group of nursing students and that a significant gain in such knowledge, occurred with their use of a computer-based learning module about oxygen therapy. Sponsored Research - None