The Science Journal of the American Association for Respiratory Care


February / Volume 57 / Number 2

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Original Research

Preventive Use of Noninvasive Ventilation After Extubation: A Prospective, Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial
by Chien-Ling Su, Ling-Ling Chiang, Shih-Hsing Yang, Hen-I Lin, Kuo-Chen Cheng—Taipei, Taiwan
Yuh-Chin T Huang—Durham, North Carolina
and Chin-Pyng Wu—Taipei, Taiwan
A Randomized Trial of Noninvasive Positive End Expiratory Pressure in Patients With Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure
by Carlos Frederico Dantas Anjos, Guilherme Paula Pinto Schettino, Marcelo Park, Vladimir Silva Souza, and Augusto Scalabrini Neto—São Paulo, Brazil
A Randomized Trial of Conventional Chest Physical Therapy Versus High Frequency Chest Wall Compressions in Intubated and Non-intubated Adults
by Darnetta Clinkscale, Kathleen Spihlman, Peggy Watts, Daniel Rosenbluth, and Marin H Kollef—St Louis, Missouri
Sleep-Disordered Breathing May Be Under-Recognized in Patients Who Wean From Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation
by Montserrat Diaz-Abad, Avelino C Verceles, John E Brown, and Steven M Scharf—Baltimore, Maryland
Adherence to CPAP in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea in a Chinese Population
by Yan Wang, Weijie Gao, Mei Sun, and Baoyuan Chen—Tianjin, China
Influence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Fatty Liver Disease: Role of Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia
by Cansel Türkay, Duygu Özol, Benan Kasapoğlu, İsmail Kirbas, Zeki Yıldırım, and Ramazan Yiğitoğlu—Ankara, Turkey
Effectiveness of Bacterial Disinfectants on Surfaces of Mechanical Ventilator Systems
by Yi-Shan Sui—Taipei, Taiwan
Gwo-Hwa Wan—Tao-Yuan, Taiwan
Ya-Wen Chen, Hsiang-Lin Ku—Taipei, Taiwan
Li-Pien Li, Chiu-Hsin Liu—Tao-Yuan, Taiwan
and Huei-Shin Mau—Taipei, Taiwan
Evaluation of the Inspiratory Pressure Using a Digital Vacuometer in Mechanically Ventilated Patients: Analysis of the Time to Achieve the Inspiratory Peak
by Leonardo Cordeiro de Souza, Cyro Teixeira da Silva Jr, and Jocemir Ronaldo Lugon—Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Influence of Family Caregiver Caring Behavior on COPD Patients’ Self-Care Behavior in Taiwan
by Kwua-Yun Wang, Pei-Yi Sung—Taipei, Taiwan
Sheng-Tzu Yang—Tao-Yuan, Taiwan
Chi-Huei Chiang, and Wann-Cherng Perng—Taipei, Taiwan
Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Oxidative Stress and Histopathological and Inflammatory Lung Injury in a Saline-Lavaged Rabbit Model of Acute Lung Injury
by Jose R Fioretto, Fabio J Campos, Carlos F Ronchi, Ana LA Ferreira, Cilmery S Kurokawa, Mario F Carpi, Marcos A Moraes, Rossano C Bonatto, Julio Defaveri—São Paulo, Brazil
and Kyung-Jin Yeum—Boston, Massachusetts


Airway Pressure Release Ventilation: What Do We Know?
by Ehab G Daoud, Hany L Farag, and Robert L Chatburn—Cleveland, Ohio

Case Reports

Rescue Therapy With a Pumpless Extracorporeal Lung Assist Device in a Patient With Acute Interstitial Lung Disease and Severe Refractory Hypercapnia
by Martin Petzoldt, Stephan Braune—Hamburg, Germany
Iris Bittmann—Rotenburg (Wuemme), Germany
and Stefan Kluge—Hamburg, Germany
Hidden Diagnosis of Tuberculous Pleurisy Masked by Concomitant Pseudomonas oryzihabitans Bacteremia
by Te-Yu Lin, Shih-Wei Wu—Taipei, Taiwan
Gen-Min Lin—Hualien, Taiwan
and Yu-Guang Chen—Taipei, Taiwan
Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
by Ryan J McDonough, Alexander S Niven, and Keith A Havenstrite—Tacoma, Washington
Utilization of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Induced Hypothermia After Hydrogen Sulfide Exposure
by Mir J Asif and Matthew C Exline—Columbus, Ohio

Teaching Cases of the Month

Skin Preparation Process for the Prevention of Skin Breakdown in Patients Who Are Intubated and Treated With RotoProne
by Mary Ellen Jackson, Joell X Verano, Jill E Fry, Anthony P Rodriguez—Austin, Texas
and Christopher Russian—San Marcos, Texas
An Atypical Presentation of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome: Diagnostic Dilemma in a Critical Care Setting
by Manju Paul—Syracuse, New York
Shon G Michael—New Haven, Connecticut
Savio John, and Robert J Lenox—Syracuse, New York


Preventive Use of Noninvasive Ventilation After Planned Extubation
by Juan B Figueroa-Casas—El Paso, Texas
A Peek at PEEP in Patients With AIDS
by Sangeeta Mehta and Stephen E Lapinsky—Toronto, Ontario, Canada
High-Frequency Chest Wall Compressions: Good for the Patient? Good for the Clinician?
by George Ntoumenopoulos—London, United Kingdom
Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation
by Douglas C Johnson—Boston, Massachusetts
and Karin Gardner Johnson—Springfield, Massachusetts


Accuracy and Reliability of Extubation Decisions by Intensivists
by Richard H Kallet—San Francisco, California
author response by Aiman Tulaimat and Babak Mokhlesi—Chicago, Illinois
and by Jonathan M Siner and Mark D Siegel—New Haven, Connecticut
Critical Illness Related Pneumonia Rather Than Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP)
by Durk Freark Zandstra—Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Andy J Petros—London, United Kingdom
Luciano Silvestri—Gorizia, Italy
Hendrik KF van Saene and Nia Taylor—Liverpool, United Kingdom
author response by Steven Deem and Miriam M Treggiari—Seattle, Washington
Additional Experimental Evidence That Statins Protect Against Acute Lung Injury
by Ilias I Siempos, Petros Kopterides, and Apostolos Armaganidis—Athens, Greece
author response by Neriman Defne Altintas, Pergin Atilla, Alper Bektas Iskit, and Arzu Topeli—Ankara, Turkey
Pediatric Asthma Management
by Andrew Miller—Durham, North Carolina
author response by Timothy R Myers and Liza M Tomasio—Cleveland, Ohio
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